The New Partner Of Probiotics – Artichoke Extract
Artichoke, also known as artichoke, or artichoke, is also known as French lily and Dutch lily because its flower buds are shaped like the bulbs of lily. It is a perennial herb of the Asteraceae family. Native to the Nordic Mediterranean coast, it grows in sunny, warm and not too humid seaside areas. At present, European and American countries have a large planting area, especially Italy, France and the Netherlands. It is also cultivated in parts of Asia. Although it was introduced to Shanghai, Beijing and other places in China from France in the 19th century, due to the limitations of climate, soil and technology, commercial production was never formed.
Artichoke is an edible plant. It has been the most court dish as early as ancient Rome and ancient Greece, for the dignitaries to enjoy. Today, the main producing areas of artichokes include Italy, Spain, France, Argentina, and the United States.
The edible parts are the internal bracts and receptacles, and the non-edible industrial by-products include the external bracts and stems and leaves, accounting for about 80% of the fresh weight of the whole plant. However, the research on functional active ingredients of artichoke found that its inedible parts, especially the leaves, contain quite a lot of functional substances.
Studies have shown that various types of beneficial compounds have been identified from artichoke leaves, such as polyphenols, flavonoids, chlorogenic acid, anthocyanins, terpenoids, articholic acid, etc. The most abundant ingredient in artichoke juice.